Inability of a person to voluntarily control their gas or stool is called incontinence. It may be observed in different levels of severity from fecal incontinence, sole gas incontinence, stool stain on the underwear or complete stool incontinence. This condition is present in 2% of the population. It is more common in women with advanced age who have given multiple births. Incontinence significantly affects the social life and disrupts the quality of life. Most of the patients do not apply to doctor out of embarrassment and continue their lives by using some swab on their underwear.



Severe diarrhea

Chronic constipation

Neurological diseases


Damage to the muscles surrounding the anus and provide gas stool continence. This may develop due to prior surgeries on that area. Other causes are injuries during labor and damage to the nerves that control these muscles.

Colorectal surgery history

Radiotherapy treatment

Anal infections

Pelvic floor diseases are characterized by the symptoms of gas, feces or urinary incontinence resulting from weakened of the pelvic muscles


Conservative methods should be tried as the first plan in the treatment of the disease. Fecal incontinence can be treated by dietary changes, medications, special exercises or surgery depending on the cause. After the patients undergo an extensive proctologic examination, it is necessary to exclude neurological diseases, measure intra anal presentation, visualize the anal muscles, and perform other radiological and endoscopic evaluations.

Success in the treatment of the disease is directly related to the fact that the cause of the disease can be accurately determined.

If chronic diarrhea is the cause of incontinence, it is necessary to use drugs and regulate diet.

In the case of incontinence patients with diabetes mellitus and chronic constipation, it is necessary to correct the insufficiency first.

Strengthening the muscles surrounding the anus with Kegel exercises that the patient can do at home or with the help of a device called Biofeedback can also help to achieve successful results in some patient groups.

Sacral or posterior tibial nerve impulses are treatments applied for gas stool incontinence due to nerve damage that other treatments fail.

Filling with a silicon material injection to the anus is a new method.

Successful results are obtained with surgical treatment in patients who do not respond to conservative treatments, especially those with damage and fistula in the muscles surrounding the anus.